Western Painting – Spatialism – A Non-Digital Multimedia Creative Phenomenon

Spatialism – The History

In 1946, famous Argentinean sculptor and painter Lucio Fontana (1899-1968), came up with a novel art style, called Spatialism or Movimento Spaziale. This art movement was a contemporary to the Abstract Expressionism of the United States. The philosophy behind Spatialism was dispelled through its manifesto titled ‘Manifesto Blanco,’ which discussed the need for a distinctive ‘spatial’ form of art to capture the spirit of the post-war era.

The Correleations

Three art movements – Dadaism, Tachism, and Concrete Art – had a defining influence over Spatialism. Dadaism consciously ignored the ‘aesthetics’ in Fine Arts to bring out revolutionary compositions. Tachisme was often regarded as the French style of Abstract Expressionism. Concrete Art of 1930s was predominated by the interplay of colors and lines, for representation. Although, the underlying ideas behind Spatialism and the Abstract Expressionism were similar, Spatialism did away with the preponderance of paint and easel media, as the tools for creating artworks. Instead, it focused on the ‘moment,’ represented as a function of time and action.

The Details

Spatialism synthesized the elements of sound, color, space, movement, and time, in its frames. In a way, Spatialism represented a union of the fundamentals of science with Fine Arts, using tools, like television and Neon lighting to name a couple. According to ‘Manifesto Blanco,’ Spatialism was conceptualized to, “transcend the area of the canvas, or the volume of the statue, to assume further dimensions and become an integral part of architecture, transmitted into the surrounding space and using new discoveries in science and technology.” Another distinguishing characteristic of Lucio Fontana’s works was the presence of holes or ‘slits’ of varying sizes and angles, across the canvas. Fine examples of this technique include ‘Concept Spatiale’ of 1959 and ‘Concetto Spaziale’ of 1964. The body of these works by Fontana was known as the slash series.

The Artists and the Artworks

Spatialism eventually began focusing on the negative aspects in the depiction of its subjects. Its subsequent manifestos dispelled the tenets of the expression, artificial emotions, and color scheme over geometrical space, rather than capturing the ‘real,’ as it exists. Fontana’s 1947 work, ‘Black Spatial Environment’ was a classic example of this theory. It consisted of a room painted in all black and another 1949 work, named ‘Spatial Environment’ lit by an array of Neon lights. Among the most celebrated artists associated with Spatialism were Roberto Crippa (1921-72), Cesare Peverelli (1922-2000), Gianni Dova (1925-91), and Enrico Donati (1909-2008). Fontana’s revolutionary style not only created a niche for him, it became a powerful influence on several artists and art forms.

The 8 Basic Punches Of Western Boxing

The sport of western boxing has had a lot of fans since the early days of the late 19th century in America. Even when organized public fighting matches were still considered a crime punishable by time in jail and a fine they drew a horde of spectators. But then again, who doesn’t love a good fight?

Fighting way back then looked a whole lot different than fighting currently does. Over the years more science and research has been done, into human movement and fitness. The upright postures with hands held low that make early boxing easy to identify have been changed over the years.

In the 21st century, fighters appear more fluid, more aggressive, and in a crouched stance. Legs bent, body weight forward on toes. Unlike the fighters of yesteryear, today, a fighter today uses his hands as well as shoulders to obscure and protect that path that leads right to the “kisser”, or “button”.

The fighters main weapons continue to be his hands, while they also use a lot of holding, pushing, and leaning on strategies to wear down their opponent. With those weapons, there is generally an arsenal of 8 specific punches that a good fighter will develop. From these eight punches there is an incredible array of “combinations” that can be thrown as he tries to get past the defenses of the opponent in the opposite corner.

This list is a brief description of those 8 punches of boxing:

  1. “The Jab”. This punch is thrown from the lead hand. It’s quick, sometimes powerful and is used either to “keep your opponent off of you”, or to judge his distance while setting up a power punch.
  2. “The Cross”. This punch is from the rear hand and is a straight power punch. Usually used as a counter when your opponent throws a punch from the opposite side.
  3. “The Hook To The Jaw”. This punch comes from the lead hand from the side while keeping your elbow bent. The object is to come around the defense and connect with the side of the opponents face. The hook carries a lot of knock out power.
  4. “Rear Hand Hook”. Similar to the previous, because this punch comes from the rear, it’s generally used as a counter punch when your opponent has “left himself open”. The target could be the head as well as the body.
  5. “Lead Hook To the Body”. Again, from the lead hand “hooking” into the body. The target is mostly the ribs or kidney. This particular punch is so devastating that it, when landing successfully, has ended many, many fights with opponent still conscious.
  6. “The Overhand Punch”. This punch is a power punch also. It comes from the rear hand. It’s similar to the cross, however, it has a slight arcing motion to it. The purpose of this punch is go over the opponents targeting the face of the opponent. Imagine a baseball pitcher’s form and you’ll have the basic concept.
  7. “Lead Hand Uppercut”. The uppercut is used while the fighters are close. The object of this punch is to go under and behind the defense and land on either the chin or “solar plexus” of the opponent. The first is a knockout punch while the second is a “knock the wind out of you” punch that sets up the knockout punch.
  8. “Rear Hand Uppercut”. Very similar to the previous. Just as effective, but, carries a little less power. This is because the rear leg is not in position to generate as much upward force as the lead leg.

This list of 8 punches are what most boxers use as their arsenal against their opponent. Anyone can use them and they don’t have to be a boxer per se. Consistent practice is an excellent upper body workout that has many advantages. Not the least of which is building muscle while at the same time burning calories.

Cultural Differences When Western Men Marry Filipino Women

One thing that you can safely say that most Asian cultures share when it comes to the women is that they are looked at as second class to the men of these societies. I could cite many things that show this in these cultures but to me it’s obvious and that’s not the purpose of this article. I am most familiar with Filipino women so I will stick with what I know best here.

I have been married to a Filipina for over 3 years now and been living in the Philippines for most of that time. So I have been exposed to then the most. When it comes to the main differences between western women and Filipinas the Filipina has what I call the “que sera sera” attitude along with the general population. This is great if like the laid back atmosphere it brings. The level of happiness that these people have even in troubled times is amazing. However it has its drawbacks also. This being that when things do go wrong and they have an opportunity to learn from it and not make the same mistake in the future.

This attitude prevents the learning process from ever starting. Which will just about guarantee that the same mistakes will be made. This will be more common if you live in the Philippines as I do. Mainly because the other good part of this attitude is that they do adjust very well to living in the western world when you take your wife back home. For example my wife lived in Japan for 15 years. When I went there to meet her the first time she seemed to be one of the most organized people I ever knew. She was punctual and used her time wisely. Well it seemed as soon as she stepped foot back on Philippine soil she lost all that. I was wondering what had happened to the girl I met in Japan. After realizing that the general population here is the same I had to realize that she really didn’t have much choice in the matter because she would constantly be angry about people never being on time and plans never working out. Just how I was for the first 6 months I lived here until I realized it was something I had to deal with or live a very stressful life.

Next on my list of importance is religion. Although most Filipinas are Catholic or some form if Christianity and they most all are dedicated to it. They go to their respected church one to three times a week for mass and pray on a regular basis. They read their bibles all the time and pretty much live a Christian life. Accept for the Muslims of course. However even the Muslims who are just as dedicated to their religion are not beyond the superstitions that are engrained in most every Filipino. Men and women alike. It really don’t matter what religion they are the superstitions they have built up for probably thousands of years seems to always trump what ever the may find in the Bible or Koran. They all believe in what is known here as the Aswang. It is a ghost witch that can possess you and make you do evil things such as kill and eat your neighbors or family for that matter. Some of my wife’s distant cousins have actually claimed to be this and said that they could eat your liver by just looking at you. This is just one of hundreds of other superstitions they have here. They differ depending on what part of the Philippines they come from but most all are outlandish from a westerners point of view. You can find any number of these by doing a simple search on the internet.

There are other minor cultural differences with Filipinas but I consider these to be the ones that should be considered the most by somebody who has the desire to marry a Filipina.